Business researchers most often use the American Psychological Association (APA) citation style. Check with your instructor.
Some basic guidelines:
Attribution - it's okay to use someone else's work, but credit them for it. Even when you don't use a direct quote or paraphrase another's work, if you derive some useful ideas or learn something from your reading, acknowledge that by including a citation in your Works Cited or References list.
Paraphrase - when you discuss someone's work or ideas in your own words. Yes, you need to cite the work.
Direct quotation - using an author's exact words in your paper.
Example References page
Electronic Style Guides
Below are additional sources for citation information, some of which will actually generate citations based on the information you input. Please note: if you enter incorrect information, the generated citation will be incorrect.
Online citation generators- enter whatever information you have (title, author, journal) to generate a full citation. Download or copy/paste it. These sites will also generate in-text citations.
Author, A., Author, B., & Author, C. (Year). Article title: And subtitle. Journal Title, Volume(Issue), page range. Retrieved from URL of journal homepage/database
in-text citation: (Roulac, 1996)
Roulac, S. E. (1996). The strategic real estate framework: Processes, linkages, decisions. The Journal of Real Estate
Research, 12(3), 323-346. Retrieved from http://ezproxy.fgcu.edu/login?
in-text citation: (Deacle & Elyasiani, 2014)
Deacle, S., & Elyasiani, E. (2014). Real estate investment by bank holding companies and their risk and return:
Nonparametric and GARCH procedures. Applied Financial Economics, 24(13), 907. Retrieved from
Author, A. A. (year). Title of document [Format]. Retrieved from http://xxxxx
in-text citation: (U.S. Energy Information Administration)
Short-term energy outlook - U.S. energy information administration (EIA) Retrieved from http://www.eia.gov/outlooks/steo/
Author, A. A. (year). Title of book. Location: Publisher.
in-text citation: (Webber, 2014)
Webber, J. (2014). Get rich slow: Your guide to producing income & building wealth with rental real
estate. New York, US: Business Expert Press.
Author, A. (Year). Title of chapter. In A. Editor & B. Editor (Eds.), Title of book (pp. xx-xxx). Location: Publisher.
in-text citation: (Stahl, 2003)
Stahl, B. C. (2003). Ethics Management Systems, Responsibility and Information Technology. Wieland, J. (Ed.), Standards
and audits for ethics management systems: The European perspective. (pp. 216-232). Berlin:New York:Springer.
Author, A., & Author, B. (year, month day). Article title. Newspaper Title. Retrieved from http://xxxxx
in-text citation: (By, 1998)
By, M. S. (1998, Sep 15). Financing small businesses: Market turmoil stunts financing for small businesses. Wall
Street Journal. Retrieved from http://ezproxy.fgcu.edu/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/398624407?
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