KEEP IN MIND: Research topics aren't set in stone and choosing a research topic isn't always a straightforward process. As you begin to look for articles on your initial topic, your research idea may evolve along a new path. That's okay! It's all part of the research process.
Watch this nifty (and helpful) little library video from NSCU on the process of picking your research topic:
Students often are uncertain about choosing a topic for the Literature Review assignment, and ultimately the Research Proposal. Your backgrounds at this stage often differ from the typical experienced researcher.
On this page, find specific strategies to help you get started:
HIGHLY RECOMMENDED TO VIEW: Okay, ignore the silly beginning, because this video is a great (and short!) overview on how to select a research topic that's manageable for your assignment. Great tips on narrowing a huge topic by asking: WHO, WHAT, WHERE, WHY, WHEN, OR HOW. Also, tips to keep from making a topic too narrow. (See box on right "Narrowing your topic" for other examples.)
[Produced by John M. Pfau Library of California State University at San Bernandino.]
1. Write down one or two specific topics of interest to you in your discipline (e.g. in Nursing or O.T. or Human Performance).
2. If you have not been working in the health care field yet, perhaps there’s a disease or condition that interests you, through friends, family or personal experience. Or, is there a disease in your heredity and you are interested in the risk factors for that condition/disease and what primary prevention methods could be employed to reduce the risk of developing it? Or, you are interested in the best secondary or tertiary prevention for that condition?
3. Perhaps there is a particular health issue that interests you and that drew you to enter the profession for which you are studying.
4. There may be recent news articles about health issues that interest you, related to your hometown or in Florida. FloridaCharts from the Florida Dept of Health provides an informative statistical picture of the health status of Floridians.
5. Browse the table of contents of the publication Nation's Health, found in the FGCU Library's eJournals for ideas.
6. Review topics covered in textbooks of other courses you are currently taking.
7. Is there a particular aspect or problem within health care management that interests you?
8. You can also combine interests: Is there a particular racial or ethnic group that you want to learn more about? What are some of the socio-economic challenges that they face in this country? Are there health disparities between them in their access to health services compared to mainstream America?
9. Sometimes controversial issues can be interesting to explore. For instance, is medical marijuana a valid treatment for anxiety disorders? Are there legitimate reasons to consider the legalization of currently illegal narcotics? What are the legal implications of cloning human beings?
Once you have jotted down a few topics, conduct a preliminary literature search in a database: either CINAHL or Proquest Health & Medical. Alternatively, look in the FGCU Library's catalog for a book on your subject. Look for research that has been done. Then begin to narrow your topic to be more specific: for example, to a particular condition among a certain population or setting. CHOOSE a topic that interests you!
The best source for specific research topics? Recent research studies, because as you now know, a good research article identifies at the end the implications or recommendations for future research on the topic.
After you conduct a literature review on your topic, you should discover what is already known and what research questions remain regarding your topic. Your research question will likely derive from the recent literature. What remains to be known and studied about your issue? Which 'implications for future research' were stated in the articles you found?
|Health topic||Too broad||Too narrow||Just Right|
|Rehabilitation for brain injuries||X|
|Mirror therapy for brain-injured or stroke patients with partial paralysis||X|
|Health benefits of whole grains in one’s diet||X|
|What are the causes of sprains in athletes?||X|
|What are the best treatments for itching (pruritus) in hospitalized patients?||X|
|Health needs of elderly residents in Charlotte County after Hurricane Charley in 2004||X|
|Does exercise improve mental health?||X|
|Pet therapy with a dog for an autistic child, age 5||X|
|Research topic||Sample refined research question|
|Rehabilitation for brain injuries||Is mirror therapy effective for brain-injured or stroke patients with partial paralysis or gait disorders?|
|Health benefits of whole grains in one’s diet||Are whole grain cereals preventative for cardiovascular disease?|
|What are the causes of sprains in athletes?||What are common risk factors for ankle sprains in adult athletes?|
|What are the best treatments for itching (pruritus) in hospitalized patients?||Comparison of two or more topical agents for effectiveness in reducing Pruriceptive pruritis|
|Health needs of elderly residents in Charlotte County after Hurricane Charley in 2004||What are the most prevalent post-hurricane health needs of elderly Florida residents with chronic health conditions?|
|Does exercise improve mental health?||Does an outdoor physical activity program improve the m.h. status of adults with clinical depression?|
|Pet therapy with a dog for a 5 year-old autistic child||Does pet therapy provide benefits in social interaction and learning in children on the autistic disorder spectrum?|
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