Business researchers most often use the American Psychological Association (APA) citation, but be sure to check with your instructor.
Some basic guidelines:
Paraphrase - when you discuss someone's work or ideas in your own words. Yes, you need a citation.
Direct quotation - using an author's exact words
Use opening and closing quotation marks ("")
A quote of less than 40 words is inserted directly into the text
A quote of more than 40 words is called a block quote and is indented one-half inch, does not use quotation marks, is double spaced, and does not include extra spacing between the quote and the rest of the text
The FGCU Writing Lab (located in Library West 202C) offers free individual sessions for students needing assistance with writing assignments. Walk-ins are welcome, but 30-minutes appointments can also be scheduled in advance. For current hours or to make an appointment, call (239) 590-7141 or check the website.
Electronic Style Guides
Below are additional sites for citation information, some of which will actually generate citations based on the information you input. Please note: if you enter incorrect information, the generated citation will be incorrect.
Creative Commons 3.0 BY-NC-SA US license
Example References page
Author, A., Author, B., & Author, C. (Year). Article title: And subtitle. Journal Title, Volume(Issue), page range. Retrieved from URL of journal homepage/database
in-text citation: (Roulac, 1996)
Roulac, S. E. (1996). The strategic real estate framework: Processes, linkages, decisions. The Journal of Real Estate
Research, 12(3), 323-346. Retrieved from http://ezproxy.fgcu.edu/login?
in-text citation: (Deacle & Elyasiani, 2014)
Deacle, S., & Elyasiani, E. (2014). Real estate investment by bank holding companies and their risk and return:
Nonparametric and GARCH procedures. Applied Financial Economics, 24(13), 907. Retrieved from
Author, A. A. (year). Title of document [Format]. Retrieved from http://xxxxx
in-text citation: (U.S. Energy Information Administration)
Short-term energy outlook - U.S. energy information administration (EIA) Retrieved from http://www.eia.gov/outlooks/steo/
Author, A. A. (year). Title of book. Location: Publisher.
in-text citation: (Webber, 2014)
Webber, J. (2014). Get rich slow: Your guide to producing income & building wealth with rental real
estate. New York, US: Business Expert Press.
Author, A. (Year). Title of chapter. In A. Editor & B. Editor (Eds.), Title of book (pp. xx-xxx). Location: Publisher.
in-text citation: (Stahl, 2003)
Stahl, B. C. (2003). Ethics Management Systems, Responsibility and Information Technology. Wieland, J. (Ed.), Standards
and audits for ethics management systems: The European perspective. (pp. 216-232). Berlin:New York:Springer.
Author, A., & Author, B. (year, month day). Article title. Newspaper Title. Retrieved from http://xxxxx
in-text citation: (By, 1998)
By, M. S. (1998, Sep 15). Financing small businesses: Market turmoil stunts financing for small businesses. Wall
Street Journal. Retrieved from http://ezproxy.fgcu.edu/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/398624407?
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