Business researchers most often use the American Psychological Association (APA) citation style. Check with your instructor.
Some basic guidelines:
Attribution - it's okay to use someone else's work, but credit them for it. Even when you don't use a direct quote or paraphrase another's work, if you derive some useful ideas or learn something from your reading, acknowledge that by including a citation in your Works Cited or References list.
Paraphrase - when you discuss someone's work or ideas in your own words. Yes, you need to cite the work.
Direct quotation - using an author's exact words in your paper.
Please note: your citations are only as good as the information you enter.
List of citations at the end of your paper/report are:
CSE Name-Year - created by the University of Wisconsin-Madison's Writing Center (used with permission).
Example References page
Author, A., Author, B., & Author, C. (Year). Article title: And subtitle. Journal Title, Volume(Issue), page range. Retrieved from URL of journal homepage/database
in-text citation: (Roulac, 1996)
Roulac, S. E. (1996). The strategic real estate framework: Processes, linkages, decisions. The Journal of Real Estate
Research, 12(3), 323-346. Retrieved from http://ezproxy.fgcu.edu/login?
in-text citation: (Deacle & Elyasiani, 2014)
Deacle, S., & Elyasiani, E. (2014). Real estate investment by bank holding companies and their risk and return:
Nonparametric and GARCH procedures. Applied Financial Economics, 24(13), 907. Retrieved from
Author, A. A. (year). Title of document [Format]. Retrieved from http://xxxxx
in-text citation: (U.S. Energy Information Administration)
Short-term energy outlook - U.S. energy information administration (EIA) Retrieved from http://www.eia.gov/outlooks/steo/
Author, A. A. (year). Title of book. Location: Publisher.
in-text citation: (Webber, 2014)
Webber, J. (2014). Get rich slow: Your guide to producing income & building wealth with rental real
estate. New York, US: Business Expert Press.
Author, A. (Year). Title of chapter. In A. Editor & B. Editor (Eds.), Title of book (pp. xx-xxx). Location: Publisher.
in-text citation: (Stahl, 2003)
Stahl, B. C. (2003). Ethics Management Systems, Responsibility and Information Technology. Wieland, J. (Ed.), Standards
and audits for ethics management systems: The European perspective. (pp. 216-232). Berlin:New York:Springer.
Author, A., & Author, B. (year, month day). Article title. Newspaper Title. Retrieved from http://xxxxx
in-text citation: (By, 1998)
By, M. S. (1998, Sep 15). Financing small businesses: Market turmoil stunts financing for small businesses. Wall
Street Journal. Retrieved from http://ezproxy.fgcu.edu/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/398624407?
DemographicsNOW. (year). Report title in italics for geographic location. Retrieved from database URL
in-text citation: (DemographicsNow, 2016)
DemographicsNOW. (2016). Demographic snapshot comparison for Fort Myers, FL. Retrieved
Author, A. (year). Report title in italics. Retrieved from IBISWorld database URL
in-text citation: (Rivera, 2016)
Rivera, E. (2016). Real estate loans & collateralized debt in the US. IBISWorld industry report
52229. Retrieved from http://ezproxy.fgcu.edu/login?url=http://clients1.ibisworld.com/
Mergent Online -
Author, A. (year). Company name [company profile]. Retrieved date from database URL
in-text citation: (Mergent company profile, n.d.)
Mergent (n.d.). Tesla, Inc. [Company profile]. Retrieved July 1, 2020, from https://www-mergentonline-com.ezproxy.fgcu.edu/comanydetail.php?compnumber=129614&pagetype=synopsis
Author, A. (year). Report title in italics. Retrieved from Mintel Reports database URL
in-text citation: (Roberts, 2016)
Roberts, W. (2016). Baby food & drink/feeding babies & toddlers -- US. Retrieved from
Standard & Poor's NetAdvantage Company Profile:
Author, A. (Date of Publication). Title of document [Company profile]. Retrieved (retrieval date) from database URL
in-text citation: (S&P NetAdvantage, n.d.)
Standard & Poor's NetAdvantage. (n.d.). The Home Depot [Company profile]. Retrieved January 18, 2019 from https://www.capitaliq.com/CIQDotNet/company.aspx?companyId=278679
NOTE: n.d. in a citation simply means that the work/document is undated and that's okay.
The FGCU Writing Lab (located in Library West 202C) offers free individual sessions for students needing assistance with writing assignments. Walk-ins are welcome, but 30-minutes appointments can also be scheduled in advance. For current hours or to make an appointment, call (239) 590-7141 or check the website.
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