A literature review gives an overview of the field of inquiry: what has already been said on the topic, who the key writers are, what the prevailing theories and hypotheses are, what questions are being asked, and what methodologies and methods are appropriate and useful.
A critical literature review shows how prevailing ideas fit into your own thesis, and how your thesis agrees or differs from them.
A systematic review is a type of literature review that attempts to identify, appraise and synthesize all the empirical evidence that meets pre-specified eligibility criteria to answer a given research question. Researchers conducting systematic reviews use explicit methods aimed at minimizing bias, in order to produce more reliable findings that can be used to inform decision making.
The Literature Review: a few tips on conducting it. The University of Toronto. University College Writing Centre.
Guidelines for writing a literature review. The Writing Center, University of Wisconsin-Madison.
How to Write a Literature Review. University of California, Santa Cruz.
Overview of a Lit Review:
Take 5 minutes to watch the below video that describes what a lit review is and isn't, what its role is, and why we do them. This is the first of a 3-part tutorial on lit reviews. It's HIGHLY recommended that you watch the remaining two parts after this one plays through. (Sorry about the poor sound quality.)
[From University of Maryland University College.]
Present original research results, and include details of the scientific data obtained during the research, as well as the methodology used. They are known as a primary source of scientific information, and should include:
How to Find Research Articles (tips to hone in on research studies via FGCU databases)
Do exactly what their name suggests: they review the literature published on a particular topic. Typically, review articles:
A review article is usually considered to be a secondary source of information, and can provide an ideal starting point for researching a topic. The reference list will contain citations for the research articles (primary sources) discussed – a good way of locating other literature that may be relevant to your topic. Be aware that a review article reflects the views of its authors - you should still look at the articles discussed and draw your own conclusions.
Walker, W. (2008, February 15). Accident and emergency staff opinion on the effects of family presence during adult resuscitation: critical literature review. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 61(4), 348-362. Retrieved July 7, 2009, from CINAHL with Full Text database.
Paul, F., & Rattray, J. (2008, May). Short- and long-term impact of critical illness on relatives: literature review. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 62(3), 276-292. Retrieved July 6, 2009, from CINAHL with Full Text database.
(239) 590-7600 | Library Webmaster